The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck. Thyroid has basically two lobes which are connected by bridge (isthmus). It is one of your endocrine glands, which create hormones. Thyroid hormones direct the rate of numerous activities in your body. These contain how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. All of these actions are your body’s metabolism.
Thyroid problems comprise
Goiter – enlargement of the thyroid gland
Hyperthyroidism – when your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than your body needs
Hypothyroidism – when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones
Thyroid nodules – lumps in the thyroid gland
Thyroiditis – swelling of the thyroid.
Diagnosis and Tests
Free T4 (Thyroxine) Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
Needle Biopsy (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
T3 (Triiodothyronine) Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
Thyroid Antibodies (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
Thyroid Scan and Uptake (Radiological Society of North America, American College of Radiology) Available in Spanish.
Thyroid Tests from the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone) Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
Ultrasound of the Thyroid Gland (Radiological Society of North America, American College of Radiology) Available in Spanish.
Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid (Radiological Society of North America) Available in Spanish.
Prevention and Risk Factors
Neck Check (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists); you need a glass of water and a handheld mirror.
First, hold the mirror in your hand, focusing on the lower front area of your neck, above the collarbones, and below the voice box (larynx). Your thyroid gland is located in the area of your neck.
While focusing on this area in the mirror tip your head back.
Take a drink of water and swallow.
As you swallow, look at your neck. Check for any bulges or protrusions in this area when you swallow.
If you see any bulges or protrusions in this area, see your physician. You may have an enlarged thyroid gland or a thyroid nodule that should be checked to determine whether further evaluation is needed.
Treatments and Therapies
Thyroid Disease and Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) (American Thyroid Association)
Thyroid Hormone Treatment (American Thyroid Association)
Thyroid Surgery (American Thyroid Association) Available in Spanish
Thyroidectomy (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
Your Doctor Recommended Thyroid Surgery – Now What? (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists).
Thyroid disorders can also take place because of thyroid nodules, which are developments on the gland. These small growths are typically harmless and can go unobserved for years. Doctors can for a moment sense these nodules through routine assessment. Sometimes, thyroid nodules are able to cancerous.
If you have these nodules, your doctor may feel like to perform the following tests:
Fine-needle aspiration biopsy
Blood and other laboratory tests
If you imagine that you may have thyroid problems, speak to your doctor to make out what tests need to be performed