Illustration Vasectomy Linked With Aggressive Prostate Cancer Risk – Medical intended for What Does Aggressive Prostate Cancer Mean
SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES OF PROSTATE CANCER
For men over the age of 50, prostate cancer is becoming a more and more common diagnosis. As men age, they become more at risk of this scary diagnosis. While definitive the causes of prostate cancer can vary, there are a few risk factors that can increase the likelihood of a man developing this disease.
What is prostate cancer?
The prostate is a gland that is only found in men and is located just below the bladder. This gland produces the fluid that is used to nourish the semen produced by the body. Because it is constantly producing new cells, it is especially vulnerable to cancer. Cancer is the result of cells uncontrollably reproducing, and in the case of prostate cancer, causes the gland to enlarge.
What are the causes of prostate cancer?
The most common cause linked to prostate cancer is simply age. While this cancer can strike men of any age, it becomes far more likely as the man gets older. Heredity also plays a role in this. If there are family members who have had prostate cancer, it becomes more likely that their sons may develop it as they get older. Testosterone has also been implicated. While it does not cause the cancer directly, it does fuel its rapid growth and excess testosterone can make the cancer grow faster. For this reason many treatments for prostate cancer involve lowering testosterone levels in the body. Diet and obesity are other factors that has been implicated as men with a diet high in fat and cholesterol have a higher risk factor for developing prostate cancer.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
One of the earliest symptoms that develops with prostate cancer is difficulty urinating. As the prostate enlarges, it presses on the bladder and urethra, disrupting the flow of urine. He may see a decreased urine flow, difficulty urinating, frequent urges to urinate, and even incontinence. In addition, blood may be seen in the urine. Some men also experience erectile dysfunction, especially as the disease progresses. Pain or a feeling of pressure in the pelvis can also occur.
How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
The most common way prostate cancer is diagnosed is through a prostate exam. In this type of exam, a doctor will insert a finger into the patients rectum in order to feel the size of the prostate. This is known as a digital rectal exam, and allows the doctor to assess the state of the prostate. If he or she detects any unusual characteristics, further tests may be ordered.
Maintaining a healthy diet and weight can help reduce the risks, but unfortunately not all causes of prostate cancer can be avoided. For this reason, scheduling regular prostate checkups is essential for all men over the age of 50. Prostate cancer is very treatable, but only if it is caught in time. The slight embarrassment and discomfort associated with prostate exams is a small price to pay for peace of mind.