An Overview of Gall Bladder Cancer and Gall Bladder Cancer Causes
The gall bladder is a small organ situated beneath the liver. It stores and concentrates the bile, the digestive fluid synthesized by the liver, to break down fats.
The gall bladder may develop tumors that could be benign or malignant. Malignancy of the gall bladder is considered quite uncommon and chiefly, it develops in elderly people. Women have a predilection for the disease, as compared to men.
Gall Bladder Cancer Causes
Gall bladder cancer causes are slightly obscure; research can not say what causes the disease precisely. The cancer starts within the innermost layer of the wall of the organ. On the other hand, the causes for the occurrence of malignancy are not very clear, but, as is with all cancers, mutation of the DNA of the cells of the gall bladder results in their abnormal growth and multiplication, leading to cancer. Doctors say that the most significant gall bladder cancer causes are the mutations in the DNA. The mutation causes the cells to grow out of control, autonomously; and to continue living when other cells would normally die. The cells build up, and form a tumor mass, that may grow beyond the gall bladder and spread to other areas of the body.
Symptoms of Gall Bladder Cancer
• Jaundice is the commonest manifesting feature, typified by yellowing of the skin. The urine becomes dark colored and stools turn pale. The patient also complains of pruritus or itching.
• Nausea and vomiting are seen, and these symptoms occur due to a blockage of the bile duct, obstructing the bile flow. Blockages cause the gall bladder to enlarge, because, the bile collects within the organ.
• The patient also complains of pain in the right side of the abdomen.
• Loss of appetite and weight loss are seen too.
• Bloating and flatulence develop
• Occasionally, fever may be a symptom of gall bladder cancer.
Gall bladder Cancer Treatment
The treatment regimen for gall bladder cancer primarily depends on the stage at which the malignancy is identified. Early diagnosis of the cancer greatly increases the prospects and the survival rate. The patient’s general health and his age are vital determining factors, as well.
In general, surgery is carried out to manage a case of gall bladder cancer, along with chemotherapy and radiation therapy